Sultanpur, Uttar Pradesh

The Gomti River

 

                        The river Gomti originates from about 3 km east of Pilibhit town of the same district at an height of 200 meters. The river drains the area lying between river Ramganga and Sharda in the upper reaches and Ganga and Ghaghra at the lower reaches. After flowing southwards through the districts of Lucknow, Barabhanki, Sultanpur, Faizabad and Jaunpur, it confluences with River Ganga.

                        This river is the chief drainage line of the district and is in fact the only stream of any importance. In pargana Jagdishpur it winds along the whole of the northern boundary, separating this district from Barabanki and Faizabad, and receiving all the drainage   of the northern portion of the pargana by various natural water resourses. Along the upper reaches down to Sathin the banks are high and sometimes precipitous, and the bed is well marked. South of Sathin the river opens out, the high banks recede, and from Mau Atwara onwards the low lands are  subject to damage from flooding. South-eastwards from Jagdishpur the river separates the two parganas of Isauli on the north and and Musafirkhana on the south. Here, again, the there is fair extent of lowland, and the river seems to have altered its course in the past, and looks as if it once ran in a fairly direct line from Fatehpur. At present, however, it winds along in a fairly well defined bed between stretches of lowlying grounds on either side. On the north the high cliff are scored with deep ravines, and on either bank there is much irregular broken ground. Proceeding  in the same direction, the Gomti separates pargana Miranpur on the south-west from Baraunsa on the north-east. Here, too, it ordinarily runs between well defined banks, although in the west of Baraunsa there are some lowlying riparian strips of cultivation. The banks on the south side in pargana Miranpur are generally of a similar nature, but in places they sink and the soil is crumbly, considerable damage being done in years of heavy rainfall. In the east of this pargana the scour from the uplands is considerable, and large ravines have formed, while here and there the constant erosion has caused much land to be thrown out of cultivation.   The river in these two parganas passes   by Chandaur and Sultanpur. Thence it passes on towards the south-east and separates Aldemau from Chanda, passing Paparghat, Dera, Dhopap, Aldemau, Kadipur and Dwarka. In this part of the district the course of the river is tortuous and irregular. In Aldemau the ground in the vicinity as far as the village of Katwari is much cut up by ravines, passing through a block of high light land, which easily lends itself to erosion. In Chanda the banks are similar, being high and in places precipitous. In the north of the pargana where the ground along the river is light and highlying , ravines have frequently been formed and some land has gone out of cultivation in consequence. The drainage of the land in its neighbourhood is carried down to the river by numerous natural channels.

                       Except in years  of abnormal rainfall, the Gomti gives no trouble, yet damage is frequently caused by floods and their consequent effects.

 

                        It is not possible to construct bridges over it at all the possible end and suitable points for transportation of people living on both sides. Therefore, the Zila Parishad auctions various ghats  to different contractors for making arrangements of ferries for transport purposes. There are about fifty nine such ghats which are as follows :- Mudwa, Sarriya, Sakhauli, Millenda, Agniholipur, Dipra, Rajghat, Kurwar, Mansukhpur, Mithenepur, Khadari, Benipur, Lutia, Agai, Hayatnagar,   Bhandara, Nirsaiya, Katawa, Ameliya, Saifullaganj, Gudra, Siwara, Fathepur Dwarika, Hinduabad, Panhi, Shikaripur, Bhawangawan, Reachghat, Madhuban, Bilehari, Semer, Payerghat, Phunrwa, Madhusoon, Nanemau, Nari, Gajanpun, Duwaria, Kotwa, Paigupur, Pakerpur, Katsari, Patana, Pali, Gopinathpur, Sakipur, Umremau, Bhakaripur, Kisuni, Bhakara, Sathin, Piyari,  Kalimeet,  Rangawa, Hajiganj, Chndokalarapur, Bhaddaur, Isauli and Aamghat.


 

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